The Department of Justice reports that a U.S. executive has been sentenced to a year in federal prison for illegally exporting computer equipment to a nuclear research agency of the Pakistani government.

According to a DOJ press release, the executive owned two U.S. companies that provided high-performance computing platforms, servers, and software application solutions. From 2006 to 2015 he conspired with his company’s employees in Pakistan to violate the International Emergency Economic Powers Act by exporting computer equipment to the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, which has been designated as an entity that may pose an unusual or extraordinary threat to the U.S. national security, foreign policy, or economy, without obtaining the required Department of Commerce authorization.

They also falsely represented to U.S.-based computer manufacturers that the shipments were intended for Pakistan-based universities or the executive’s businesses when they knew that the true end-user of each shipment was either the PAEC or a research institute that trained the agency’s engineers and scientists. As a result, the executive and his company caused the manufacturers to submit to the U.S. government shipping documents that listed false end-users for the U.S.-origin goods.

The DOJ notes that the executive’s company has been charged as a corporate defendant but has yet to respond to the charges.

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