Background

Food and Drug Administration import alerts affecting the following have been newly issued or modified in the past week.

- antibiotics from China and India

- basmati rice from India

- bath soaps from India

- broccoli and cauliflower from China

- chia seeds from Paraguay

- dental kits from China

- exam gloves from China

- eye makeup from France

- frozen pandan leaves from Vietnam

- frozen shredded cucumber from Vietnam

- goat ghee from Kenya

- guava jam from Mexico

- hard candy from India

- hypodermic needles from Canada and China

- raw shrimp from India

- saffron from Spain

- shallot onions from Mexico

- strawberries from Chile

- strawberry jam from Kenya

- sugar cane juice from Vietnam

- toddler milk from the United Kingdom

Import alerts inform FDA field staff that the agency has enough evidence or other information to allow a product that appears to be in violation of FDA laws and regulations to be detained without physical examination at the time of entry. Import alerts may cover products from designated countries or areas (including from all foreign countries), manufacturers, or shippers.

Firms and/or products on the “red list” of an import alert are subject to DWPE, while firms and/or products on the “green list” are not because they have met the criteria for exclusion. Some import alerts include a “yellow list” of firms, products, and/or countries subject to intensified surveillance because the nature of the violations may warrant further field examinations of individual entries and/or additional analyses. In addition, depending on the specific import alert, shipments of products subject to DWPE may still be imported into the U.S. if the importer has demonstrated that the shipment is in compliance.

If a product is detained without physical examination the importer has the right to provide evidence to the FDA in an attempt to overcome the appearance of the violation. If no such evidence is submitted, or if the evidence provided is insufficient, the product will be subject to refusal of entry into the U.S.

For more information on this and other FDA issues, please contact FDA consultant Domenic Veneziano at (202) 734-3939 or via email.

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