The Drug Enforcement Administration has issued a final rule that, effective May 18, designates the precursor chemical norfentanyl (N-phenyl-N-(piperidin-4-yl)propionamide) as an immediate precursor for the schedule II controlled substance fentanyl. This action subjects norfentanyl to all of the regulatory controls and administrative, civil, and criminal sanctions applicable to the importation, exportation, manufacture, distribution, and dispensing of a schedule II substance, which include the following.

- all importation and exportation of this substance must be in compliance with 21 USC 952, 953, 957, and 958 and in accordance with 21 CFR part 1312

- any activity involving this substance that is not authorized under the CSA or the Controlled Substances Import and Export Act is unlawful and potentially subject to criminal penalties

- any person who engages in the above activities with respect to this substance must be registered with the DEA to conduct such activities

- all labels and labeling for commercial containers of this substance must comply with the requirements of 21 CFR part 1302.03-.07

- every DEA registrant who possesses any quantity of this substance must keep an inventory of all stocks of this substance on hand

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