A petition filed Nov. 30 alleges that sodium gluconate, gluconic acid, and derivative products from China and France are being sold at less than fair value in the U.S. market and that such goods from China are benefiting from countervailable subsidies.

The petition covers all grades of sodium gluconate, liquid gluconate, and gluconic acid, regardless of physical form. The scope also includes sodium gluconate, liquid gluconate, and gluconic acid that has been blended or is in solution with other product(s) where the resulting mix contains 35 percent or more of sodium gluconate, liquid gluconate, and/or gluconic acid (including glucono delta lactone, in essence dry gluconic acid, commonly referred to as GDL) by dry weight. Covered goods are currently classified under HTSUS 2918.16.1000, 2918.16.5010, and 2932.20.5020.

GNA is a biodegradable, biorenewable product used in a wide range of applications in a variety of industries, including the following.

- to scrub calcium and magnesium deposits on glassware

- in concrete to retard setting, reduce water, and improve resistance to freeze-thawing

- as a debitterant in artificial sweeteners, as a salt substitute, and in the manufacture of soft cheeses and sausages

- to increase lather in shampoo and other cleaners

- to sequester calcium in toothpaste and thus prevent gingivitis

- to enhance the uptake of micronutrients from soil to plants

- various uses in the textiles, mining, plastics, de-icing, electroplating, and pulp and paper industries

The Department of Commerce and the International Trade Commission will next determine whether to launch AD and CV duty and injury investigations, respectively, on this product. There are strict statutory deadlines associated with these proceedings, so affected companies that wish to protect their interests should contact trade counsel as soon as possible.

For more information contact Kristen Smith at (202) 730-4965 or David Craven at (312) 279-2844.

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