The Fish and Wildlife Service has issued a list of changes to its rules for trade in wild animals and plants pursuant to recently agreed amendments to the appendices of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. As a result, any specimens of the species listed below that are imported into, or exported from, the U.S. on or after Nov. 26 will require the applicable CITES documentation. The FWS adds that the import, export, or re-export of shipments of these species that are accompanied by CITES documents reflecting a pre-Nov. 26 listing status, or that lack CITES documents because no listing was previously in effect, must be completed by midnight (local time at the point of import/export) on Nov. 25.

CITES Appendix I includes species threatened with extinction in which trade is generally prohibited. Appendix II includes (a) species not necessarily threatened with extinction but in which trade is strictly controlled to prevent them from becoming so and (b) species that must be subject to regulation so that trade in other CITES-listed species may be brought under effective control. Appendix III contains species that are protected in at least one country that has asked CITES parties for assistance in controlling trade.

Species Added to Appendix I

- Ceratophora spp. (horned lizards) except C. aspera and C. stoddartii (see below)

- Cophotis ceylanica (pygmy lizard)

- Cophotis dumbara (knuckles pygmy lizard)

- Gonatodes daudini (Grenadines clawed gecko)

- Achillides chikae hermeli (Mindoro peacock swallowtail butterfly)

- Parides burchellanus (riverside swallowtail butterfly)

Species Added to Appendix II

- Giraffa camelopardalis (giraffe)

- Syrmaticus reevesi (Reeves’s pheasant)

Ceratophora aspera (rough-nosed horned lizard) (zero export quota for wild specimens for commercial trade)

- Ceratophora stoddartii (rhino-horned lizard) (zero export quota for wild specimens for commercial trade)

- Lyriocephalus scutatus (hump-nosed lizard) (zero export quota for wild specimens for commercial trade)

- Goniurosaurus spp. (leopard geckos, except species native to Japan, the kuriowae group)

- Gekko gecko (Tokay gecko)

- Paroedura androyensis (Grandidier’s Madagascar ground gecko)

- Ctenosaura spp. (spiny-tailed iguanas)

- Pseudocerastes urarachnoides (spider-tailed horned viper)

- Echinotriton chinhaiensis (Chinhai spiny newt)

- Echinotriton maxiquadratus (mountain spiny newt)

- Paramesotriton spp. (Asian warty newts)

- Tylotriton spp. (crocodile newts)

- Isurus oxyrinchus (shortfin mako shark)

- Isurus paucus (longfin mako shark)

- Glaucostegus spp. (guitarfishes)

- Rhinidae spp. (wedgefishes)

- Holothuria (Microthele) fuscogilva, Holothuria (Microthele) nobilis, and Holothuria (Microthele) whitmaei (sea cucumber, effective Aug. 28, 2020)

- Poecilotheria spp. (ornamental spiders)

- Widdringtonia whytei (Mulanje cedar)

- Pterocarpus tinctorius (African padauk, mukula)

- Cedrela spp. (cedars, population of neotropics, effective Aug. 28, 2020)

Species Transferred from Appendix I to Appendix II

- Vicugna vicugna (vicuña population of Salta Province in Argentina)

- Leporillus conditor (greater stick-nest rat)

- Pseudomys fieldi praeconis (Shark Bay mouse)

- Xeromys myoides (false swamp rat)

- Zyzomys pedunculatus (central rock rat)

- Dasyornis broadbenti litoralis (lesser rufous bristlebird)

- Dasyornis longirostris (long-billed bristlebird)

- Crocodylus acutus (American crocodile population of Mexico (zero export quota for wild specimens for commercial trade))

Species Transferred from Appendix II to Appendix I

- Aonyx cinereus (small-clawed otter)

- Lutrogale perspicillata (smooth-coated otter)

- Belearica pavonina (black-crowned crane)

- Cuora bourreti (Bourret’s box turtle)

- Cuora picturata (Vietnamese box turtle)

- Mauremys annamensis (annam leaf turtle)

- Geochelone elegans (star tortoise)

- Malacocochersus tornieri (pancake tortoise)

Species Included in Appendix III by Cuba

- Anolis agueroi (Cabo Cruz bearded anole)

- Anolis baracoae (Baracoa giant anole)

- Anolis barbatus (western bearded anole)

- Anolis chamaeleonides (short-bearded anole)

- Anolis equestris (knight anole)

- Anolis guamuhaya (Escambray bearded anole)

- Anolis luteogularis (western giant anole)

- Anolis pigmaequestris (Cayko Frances anole)

- Anolis porcus (orient bearded anole)

- Sphaerodactylus armasi (Guantanamo coastal gecko)

- Sphaerodactylus celicara (Baracoan eyespot sphaero)

- Sphaerodactylus dimorphicus (yellow-tailed dwarf gecko)

- Sphaerodactylus intermedius (Mantanzas least gecko)

- Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus alayoi, Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus granti, Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus lissodesmus, Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus ocujal, and Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus strategus (black-spotted least gecko/three-banded sphaero)

- Sphaerodactylus notatus atactus (reef gecko/brown-speckled sphaero)

- Sphaerodactylus oliveri (Juventud least gecko)

- Sphaerodactylus pimienta (Cuban pepper sphaero)

- Sphaerodactylus ruibali (Ruibal’s least gecko)

- Sphaerodactylus siboney (gecko)

- Sphaerodactylus torrei (Barbour’s least gecko/Cuba broad-banded sphaero)

Species Removed from Appendix III by Costa Rica

- Galictis vittata (greater grison)

- Bassaricyon gabbii (northern olingo)

- Bassariscus sumichrasti (cacomistle)

- Cabassous centralis (northern naked-tailed armadillo)

- Choloepus hoffmanni (Hoffmann’s two-toed sloth)

- Sciurus deppei (Deppe’s squirrel)

- Crax rubra (great curassow)

Amended or New Annotations for Current Species Listings

- Saiga tatarica (Saiga antelope) - species remains in Appendix II and a zero export quota for wild specimens has been established for commercial trade

- Adansonia grandidieri (Grandidier’s baobab) – delete reference to live plants

- Dalbergia spp., Guibourtia demeusei, Guibourtia pellegriniana, and Guibourtia tessmannii (rosewoods, palisanders, and bubingas) – exclude various parts and derivatives, including finished musical instruments and parts and accessories thereof

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