The president’s budget proposal for fiscal year 2019 includes the following trade-related provisions.
- $16.7 billion for U.S. Customs and Border Protection, up 2.2 percent from FY 2018
- extension of the merchandise processing fee from Jan. 14, 2026, to Jan. 14, 2031
- increase and extension from Sept. 30, 2025, to Sept. 30, 2030, of (a) user fees for commercial trucks, rail cars, and vessels; dutiable mail packages; broker permits; etc. and (b) express consignment courier facilities fee
- $440 million for the International Trade Administration to strengthen trade enforcement and compliance (including a new team dedicated to enforcement and administration of Section 232 cases and $3.6 million in new resources to self-initiate AD and CV duty cases) while rescaling the agency’s export promotion and trade analysis activities (including eliminating the Market Development Cooperator Program and closing overseas offices)
- just over $90 million for the ITA’s Enforcement and Compliance unit to expand and enhance efforts such as investigating trade violations and advocating for U.S. businesses facing tariff and non-tariff barriers abroad
- $121 million for the Bureau of Industry and Security (including 17 new export administration positions) to, among other things, enable BIS to handle the increased workload associated with foreign investment reviews and investigations of the impacts imports may have on U.S. national security
- $63 million for the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative
- $87.6 million for the International Trade Commission
- a $213 million reduction (to $739 million) for the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, reflecting the transfer of more responsibility for funding animal and plant health programs to states, local cooperators, and producers
- a new APHIS user fee to offset costs related to regulation of imports of biotechnology-derived products
- a new Food Safety and Inspection Service user fee to cover the costs of all import reinspection for meat, poultry, and eggs
- a $67 million reduction (to $19 million) for the Labor Department’s Bureau of International Labor Affairs, primarily the elimination of grants to combat child labor
- elimination of the Trade and Development Agency, whose mission (primarily supporting U.S. private sector participation in infrastructure projects in middle-income countries) is “more appropriately served by the private sector”
- transfer of primary jurisdiction over federal tobacco and alcohol anti-smuggling laws from the Justice Department’s Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives to the Treasury Department’s Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau
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