Background

The State Department has provided details on how it plans to implement the Conventional Arms Transfer Policy, which seeks to better align arms exports with U.S. national security and economic interests. This implementation plan consists of three lines of effort, each supported by tasks that will be undertaken by the relevant federal agencies. Progress is being assessed on a quarterly basis and the plan is being revised as needed based on continuing input from industry, non-governmental organizations, and Congress.

Highlights of the specified tasks include the following.

- streamline the International Traffic in Arms Regulations with the goal of reducing regulatory burdens for U.S. industry and barriers to the commercial defense trade

- revise the U.S. Munitions List to ensure it clearly describes and adequately controls only those items that merit USML control

- update the Commerce Control List to account for technological developments, practical application issues identified by exporters and reexporters, and changes in the military and commercial non-military applications of controlled items

- facilitate exports for certain U.S. and cooperative programs so the U.S. government has the needed flexibility to execute its mission

- build exportability, coalition interoperability, and configuration standardization into the Defense Department capability requirements development and approval processes

- enhance U.S. government advocacy of defense exports in the national interest

- examine the U.S. government policy on offsets to ensure it is relevant and effective in promoting exports

- develop financing options to support foreign partner procurements of U.S. defense articles

- modernize the Missile Technology Control Regime to reflect advances in technology

- improve trade promotion and expand U.S. government engagement in support of U.S. defense manufacturing

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