The Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service has issued a notice informing the public of the sanitary and phytosanitary standard-setting activities of the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), the International Plant Protection Convention, and the North American Plant Protection Organization. APHIS is requesting public comments on the standards under consideration.
- The major functions of the OIE are to collect and disseminate information on the distribution and occurrence of animal diseases and to ensure that science-based standards govern international trade in animals and animal products. The OIE aims to achieve these through the development and revision of international standards for diagnostic tests, vaccines, and the safe international trade of animals and animal products.
- The IPPC aims to prevent the spread and introduction of pests of plants and plant products and to promote appropriate measures for their control through the following activities: developing, adopting, and implementing international standards for phytosanitary measures; harmonizing phytosanitary activities through adopted standards; facilitating the exchange of official and scientific information among countries; and providing technical assistance to developing countries that are contracting parties.
- NAPPO coordinates efforts among the U.S., Canada, and Mexico to protect their plant resources from the entry, establishment, and spread of harmful plant pests while facilitating intra- and inter-regional trade.