For more information on these and other Food and Drug Administration issues, please contact Domenic Veneziano at (202) 734-3939.
Foreign Supplier Program Violations
The FDA continues to issue warning letters to importers concerning noncompliance with requirements under the Foreign Supplier Verification Program, which requires importers to perform certain risk-based activities to verify that the human and/or animal food they import has been produced in a manner that meets applicable U.S. food safety standards.
Most recently, FDA inspections of the facilities of four importers found that they failed to develop, maintain, and follow FSVPs with respect to imported dried chili peppers, roasted and salted pumpkin seeds, dried chickpeas, dried black fungus, mix candy, lollipops, lokum biscuits, sugar-coated pistachios, nougat with cardamom, baked rice chips, tea, and potato chips.
The FDA states that within 15 working days each importer should provide information on the specific things it is doing to correct these violations; e.g., documentation of changes made and records to demonstrate implementation of an FSVP. If the importers do not act promptly the FDA may take further action, such as refusing admission of violative products and subjecting the importers to detention without physical examination.
Import Alerts: Laser Markers, E-Cigarettes, Medical Instruments, Seafood
Food and Drug Administration import alerts affecting the following have been newly issued or modified in the past week.
- cabbage from Canada
- cantaloupes from Mexico
- cilantro from Mexico
- drugs from India
- e-cigarettes from China
- frozen milk-based desserts from India
- laser markers from China
- mahi mahi from Ecuador
- medical instruments from Pakistan
- mushrooms from Korea
- papaya from Mexico
- shrimp and prawns from Vietnam
- tuna from Indonesia
Import alerts inform FDA field staff that the agency has enough evidence or other information to allow a product that appears to be in violation of FDA laws and regulations to be detained without physical examination at the time of entry. Import alerts may cover products from designated countries or areas (including from all foreign countries), manufacturers, or shippers.
Firms and/or products on the “red list” of an import alert are subject to DWPE, while firms and/or products on the “green list” are not because they have met the criteria for exclusion. Some import alerts include a “yellow list” of firms, products, and/or countries subject to intensified surveillance because the nature of the violations may warrant further field examinations of individual entries and/or additional analyses. In addition, depending on the specific import alert, shipments of products subject to DWPE may still be imported into the U.S. if the importer has demonstrated that the shipment is in compliance.
If a product is detained without physical examination the importer has the right to provide evidence to the FDA in an attempt to overcome the appearance of the violation. If no such evidence is submitted, or if the evidence provided is insufficient, the product will be subject to refusal of entry into the U.S.
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