U.S. Customs and Border Protection has issued a final rule extending through Oct. 20, 2020, the import restrictions on certain categories of archaeological material from the pre-Hispanic cultures of Nicaragua. These restrictions are being extended following a State Department determination that the cultural heritage of Nicaragua continues to be in jeopardy from the pillage of pre-Hispanic archaeological resources.

The list of articles covered by these restrictions can be found here and includes types of archaeological materials that date from 8000 B.C. to 1550 A.D., such as ceramic polychrome vessels, ceramic seals, beads and spindle whorls; stone statues, vessels, grinding stones, petroglyphs, mace heads, small greenstone objects, jewelry, and chipped stone tools; gold decorative ornaments; and pierced shell beads. These objects may only enter the U.S. if they have an export permit issued by Nicaraguan authorities or documentation indicating that they left Nicaragua prior to the Oct. 26, 2000, effective date of the restrictions.


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