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A petition filed March 7 alleges that silicon metal from Australia, Brazil, Kazakhstan, and Norway is being sold at less than fair value in the U.S. market and/or benefiting from countervailable subsidies. The alleged dumping margins are as high as 52.81 percent for Australia, 134.92 percent for Brazil, and 45.66 percent for Norway. The petitioners have also identified several programs in Australia, Brazil, and Kazakhstan as providing unfair subsidies. Silicon metal is typically used as an alloying agent in aluminum production and by the chemical industry. It contains at least 85.00 percent but less than 99.99 percent silicon, and less than 4.00 percent iron, by actual weight, and it is currently classifiable under HTSUS 2804.69.1000 and 2804.69.5000. All forms and sizes of silicon metal, including silicon metal powder, are covered by this petition. Semiconductor grade silicon (containing at least 99.99 percent silicon by actual weight and classifiable under HTSUS 2804.61.0000) is excluded from the scope. The Department of Commerce and the International Trade Commission will next determine whether to launch AD and/or CV duty and injury investigations, respectively, on these products. There are strict statutory deadlines associated with these proceedings, so affected companies that wish to protect their interests should contact trade counsel as soon as possible. For more information contact Kristen Smith at (202) 730-4965, Mark Ludwikowski at (202) 730-4967 or David Craven at (312) 279-2844.