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Wildlife Import and Export Rules to Change Jan. 2

Wednesday, December 28, 2016
Sandler, Travis & Rosenberg Trade Report

The Fish and Wildlife Service has announced that the following amendments to appendices I and II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora will be effective Jan. 2, 2017. As a result, any specimens of the affected species that are imported into or exported from the U.S. on or after Jan. 2 will require the appropriate CITES documentation. Imports, exports, or reexports of these species that are accompanied by CITES documents reflecting a pre-Jan. 2 listing status or that lack CITES documents because no listing was previously in effect must be completed by midnight (local time at the point of import/export) on Jan. 1.

 

CITES controls and regulates international trade in certain animal and plant species that are affected by trade and are now, or potentially may become, threatened with extinction. Appendix I includes species threatened with extinction in which trade is generally prohibited. Appendix II includes (a) species not necessarily threatened with extinction but in which trade is strictly controlled to prevent them from becoming so and (b) species that must be subject to regulation so that trade in other CITES-listed species may be brought under effective control. Appendix III contains species that are protected in at least one country that has asked CITES parties for assistance in controlling trade.

The following changes to appendices I and II were approved at the most recent Conference of the Parties to CITES, which was held Sept. 24-Oct. 4 in South Africa.

Species Added to Appendix I

- Abronia anzuetoi (alligator lizard)

- Abronia campbelli (alligator lizard)

- Abronia fimbriata (alligator lizard)

- Abronia frosti (alligator lizard)

- Abronia meledona (alligator lizard)

- Cnemaspis psychedelica (psychedelic rock gecko)

- Lygodactylus williamsi (turquoise dwarf gecko)

- Telmatobius coleus (Titicaca water frog)

- Polymita spp. (land snail)

Species Added to Appendix II

- Capra caucasica (tur)

- Abronia spp. (alligator lizard; a zero export quota for wild specimens for A. aurita, A. gaiophantasma, A. montecristoi, A. salvadorensis, and A.vasconcelosii)

- Rhampholeon spp. (pygmy or African leaf chameleon)

- Rieppeleon spp. (pygmy chameleon)

- Paroedura masobe (gecko)

- Lanthanotidae spp. (earless monitor lizard; a zero export quota for wild specimens has been

established for commercial trade)

- Atheris desaixi (bush viper)

- Bitis worthingtoni (horned viper)

- Cyclanorbis senegalensis (flapshell turtle)

- Cycloderma aubryi (flapshell turtle)

- Cycloderma frenatum (flapshell turtle)

- Rafetus euphraticus (softshell turtle)

- Trionyx triunguis (softshell turtle)

- Dyscophus guineti (tomato frog)

- Dyscophus insularis (tomato frog)

- Scaphiophryne boribory (rain frog)

- Scaphiophryne marmorata (rain frog)

- Scaphiophryne spinosa (rain frog)

- Paramesotriton hongkongensis (newt; listed as injurious under 50 CFR Part 16)

- Carcharhinus falciformis (silky shark; addition delayed until Oct. 4, 2017)

- Alopias spp. (thresher shark; addition delayed until Oct. 4, 2017)

- Mobula spp. (stingray; addition delayed until April 4, 2017)

- Holacanthus clarionensis (clarion anglefish)

- Nautilidae spp. (nautilus)

- Beaucarnea spp. (elephant’s foot or ponytail palm)

- Dalbergia spp. (rosewood, except species included in Appendix I; all parts and derivatives included except (a) leaves, flowers, pollen, fruits, and seeds, (b) non-commercial exports of a maximum total weight of 10 kg per shipment, (c) parts and derivatives of D. cochinchinensis, and (d) parts and derivatives of Dalbergia spp. originating and exported from Mexico)

- Guibourtia demeusei, Guibourtia pellegriniana, and Guibourtia tessmannii (bubinga; all parts and derivatives included except (a) leaves, flowers, pollen, fruits, and seeds, (b) non-commercial exports of a maximum total weight of 10 kg per shipment, (c) parts and derivatives of D. cochinchinensis, and (d) parts and derivatives of Dalbergia spp. originating and exported from Mexico)

- Pterocarpus erinaceus (kosso or African rosewood)

- Adansonia grandidieri (baobab; seeds, fruits, oil, and live plants)

- Siphonochilus aethiopicus (African ginger; populations of Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe)

Species Transferred from Appendix I to Appendix II

- Puma concolor coryi (Florida cougar; listed as endangered)

- Puma concolor couguar (cougar; listed as endangered)

- Equus zebra zebra (mountain zebra; listed as endangered)

- Lichenostomus melanops cassidix (helmeted honeyeater; listed as endangered)

- Ninox novaeseelandiae undulate (Norfolk boobook)

- Crocodylus acutus (population of the integrated management district of mangroves of the Bay of Cispata, Tinajones, La Balsa, and surrounding areas, Department of Córdoba, Colombia; listed as endangered and threatened, depending on population)

- Crocodylus porosus (population of Malaysia; wild harvest restricted to state of Sarawak; zero quota for wild specimens for the other states of Malaysia (Sabah and Peninsular Malaysia) with no change in the zero quota unless approved by the parties; listed as endangered and threatened, depending on population)

- Dyscophus antongilii (tomato frog)

Species Transferred from Appendix II to Appendix I

- Manis crassicaudata (pangolin)

- Manis culionensis (pangolin)

- Manis gigantea (pangolin)

- Manis javanica (pangolin)

- Manis pentadactyla (pangolin)

- Manis temminckii (pangolin; listed as endangered)

- Manis tetradactyla (pangolin)

- Manis tricuspis (pangolin)

- Macaca sylvanus (Barbary macaque)

- Psittacus erithacus (African grey parrot)

- Shinisaurus crocodilurus (Chinese crocodile lizard)

- Sclerocactus blainei (cactus)

- Sclerocactus cloverae (cactus)

- Sclerocactus sileri (cactus)

Species Deleted from Appendices

- Bison bison athabascae (wood bison; listed as threatened)

- Tillandsia mauryanab (plant – no English common name)

Amended or New Annotations for Current Species Listings

- Vicugna vicugna (vicuna): Replacement of existing annotations to populations of Argentina, Chile, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia with annotation allowing international trade in fiber from vicuñas and its derivative products only if the fiber comes from the shearing of live vicuñas and only in accordance with specified provisions concerning country of origin marking.

- Panthera leo (lion; African populations in Appendix II): A zero annual export quota is established for specimens of bones, bone pieces, bone products, claws, skeletons, skulls, and teeth removed from the wild and traded for commercial purposes. Annual export quotas for trade in bones, bone pieces, bone products, claws, skeletons, skulls, and teeth for commercial purposes that are derived from captive breeding operations in South Africa will be established and communicated annually to the CITES secretariat.

- Crocodylus moreletii (Morelet’s crocodile): Deletion of the part of the existing annotation stating “zero quota for wild specimens traded for commercial purposes” in relation to the population of Mexico so that the revised annotation reads as follows: “Except the population of Belize, which is included in Appendix II with a zero quota for wild specimens traded for commercial purposes, and the population of Mexico, which is included in Appendix II.”

- Aquilaria spp. and Gyrinops spp. (plants – no English common name): Amendment of existing annotation #14 to read as follows: “All parts and derivatives, except (a) seeds and pollen; (b) seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers; (c) fruits; (d) leaves; (e) exhausted agarwood powder, including compressed powder in all shapes; (f) finished products packaged and ready for retail trade (this exemption does not apply to wood chips, beads, prayer beads and carvings).”

- Bulnesia sarmientoi (plant – no English common name): Amendment of existing annotation #11 to read as follows: “Logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets, plywood, powder and extracts. Finished products containing such extracts as ingredients, including fragrances, are not considered to be covered by this annotation.”

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