New Import and Export Restrictions on Two Macaw Species
The Fish and Wildlife Service has issued a final rule that, effective Nov. 2, will list the military and great green macaws as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. The FWS has determined that both these species are in decline, primarily due to habitat loss, fragmentation and degradation, small population size, and poaching, and that the existing regulatory mechanisms designed to protect these species are not adequate to prevent those threats from impacting them throughout their ranges in Central and South America.
Under this rule, the following activities involving these two bird species will be prohibited without a permit.
- import into and export out of the U.S.
- take (defined by the ESA as harm, harass, kill, injure, etc.) within the U.S.
- interstate and foreign commerce
The FWS notes that permits will be issued for otherwise prohibited activities only for scientific purposes that benefit the species in the wild or to enhance the propagation or survival of the species, including but not limited to habitat restoration and research.