USDA Proposes to Allow Imports of Fresh Citrus from China, South Africa
The Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service is accepting comments through Oct. 27 on separate proposed rules that would allow the importation of certain citrus fruit into the continental United States from China and South Africa.
China. This proposed rule would allow imports of commercial consignments of fresh mandarin orange, ponkan, sweet orange and Satsuma mandarin from China. As a condition of entry, this fruit would have to be produced in accordance with a systems approach that includes requirements for registration of places of production and packinghouses, sourcing of pest-free propagative material, inspection for quarantine pests at set intervals by the national plant protection organization of China, bagging of fruit, safeguarding, post-harvest processing and sampling, and importation in commercial consignments. Places of production would be required to trap for several species of fruit flies and the fruit would have to be treated for those species. Consignments would have to be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the NPPO of China that declares that the conditions for importation have been met and that the consignments have been inspected and found free of quarantine pests. Finally, the NPPO of China would have to provide an operational work plan that details the activities it will carry out to meet these requirements.
South Africa. This proposed rule would allow imports of grapefruit, sweet oranges, mandarins, lemons and tangelos from areas in the Republic of South Africa where citrus black spot has been known to occur. As a condition of entry, such fruit would have to be produced in accordance with a systems approach that would include shipment traceability, packinghouse registration and procedures, and phytosanitary treatment. The fruit would also be required to be imported in commercial consignments and accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the NPPO of South Africa with an additional declaration confirming that the fruit has been produced in accordance with the systems approach.