Import Restrictions on Bicycles Sought in Section 201 Petition
Higher tariffs and other measures on imports of assembled bicycles valued under $400 from all countries could result from a new global safeguard petition. This petition covers (a) fully-assembled units comprised of all component parts and requiring no additional assembly, fabrication, or finishing operations and (b) bicycles imported in any partially-assembled format with all necessary, dedicated components (with or without pedals) included upon importation; e.g., a knock-down kit. Subject bicycles may be imported under HTSUS subheadings 8712.00.1510, 8712.00.1520, 8712.00.1550, 8712.00.2500, 8712.00.3500, 8712.00.4400, and 8712.00.4800.
The petition was filed with the International Trade Commission under section 201 of the 1974 Trade Act, which requires the ITC to determine whether an article is being imported in such increased quantities as to be a substantial cause or threat of serious injury to a U.S. industry. Section 201 investigations do not require a finding of an unfair trade practice such as under the antidumping and countervailing duty laws.
The ITC now has 120 days to make a decision, 150 if the investigation is deemed extraordinarily complicated. If the ITC’s determination is affirmative it will recommend relief to the president within 180 days after the petition is filed. In this case the petitioner is not alleging the existence of critical circumstances or requesting provisional relief.
Section 201 remedies may include tariff increases, quotas, tariff-rate quotas, trade adjustment assistance, or any combination thereof as well as any other action authorized under the law that is deemed likely to facilitate positive adjustment to import competition. In this case the petitioner is seeking the following.
- a tariff-rate quota for at least four years that would impose an 11 percent tariff on the first 15 million units in the first year; this quota would decline by one million units per year
- a 61 percent tariff on imports above the applicable annual quota
- a reduction of the de minimis threshold for imported bicycles from $800 to $50 for at least four years (the petition states that this measure “is necessary to prevent circumvention [of the safeguard], specifically in the form of direct-to-consumer sales of imports through online channels of distribution and small shipments direct to online retailer fulfillment centers”)
- duty-free treatment for component parts imported by U.S. producers of mass-market bicycles, upon certification that the components will be used in the production of such bicycles, for at least four years
Any relief proposed by the ITC is merely advisory; it is up to the president to make the final decision on whether to provide relief as well as its form, amount, and duration. Relief may initially be imposed for up to four years and extended to no more than eight.