USDA Revises Rules on Imports of Wood Products, Pears, Oranges, Pork Products
Pine Shoot Beetle Host Material from Canada
The Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service is proposing to eliminate the restrictions that apply to the importation of pine shoot beetle host material from Canada. APHIS explains that although PSB is now found throughout the northeast and north central United States, damage to native pines and pine plantations and costs to the nursery trade have been minimal and the PSB is now considered a minor pest that can be readily controlled locally. Comments on this proposed rule are due by Nov. 22.
Pears from Japan
APHIS is proposing to authorize the importation of sand pears from all prefectures of Japan (other than Amami, Bonin, Ryukyu, Tokara, and Volcano islands) rather than just the prefectures of Tottori, Nagano, Fukushima, and Ibaraki.
This proposal would also revise the conditions under which sand pears may be imported from Japan into any state but Hawaii to be as follows.
- the pears must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the national plant protection organization of Japan
- the pears are subject to inspection at the U.S. port of entry
- only commercial consignments of these pears may be imported
- the pears must be imported under permit
Comments on the proposed changes are due by Nov. 22.
Oranges from Japan
APHIS is proposing to revise the import requirements for fresh Unshu oranges from Japan. Comments on this proposal are due by Nov. 22.
Currently Unshu oranges imported from the islands of Shikoku or Honshu must be fumigated with methyl bromide as a mitigation for mites and mealybugs if the oranges are destined to a port of entry in Arizona, California, Florida, Hawaii, Louisiana, or Texas. Additionally, Unshu oranges from the island of Kyushu are prohibited entry into Arizona, California, Florida, Hawaii, or Texas.
However, based on findings in new commodity import evaluation documents, APHIS is proposing to remove the fumigation requirement for Unshu oranges from Honshu and Shikoku and to allow Unshu oranges from Kyushu to be imported into any U.S. port of entry (excluding territories).
Pork and Pork Products from Hong Kong, Laos, North Korea
Effective July 15, July 5, and June 5, respectively, APHIS has added Hong Kong, Laos, and North Korea to the list of regions affected with African swine fever. APHIS regulations prohibit the importation of pork and pork products from such regions except if they are processed and treated in accordance with the provisions specified in 9 CFR 94.8 or consigned to an APHIS-approved establishment for further processing. In addition, the importation of swine castings that originated in or were processed in such a region is restricted.