Citric Acid, Citrate Salts Subject of New AD/CV Petition
A petition filed June 2 alleges that citric acid and certain citrate salts from Belgium, Colombia, and Thailand are being sold at less than fair value in the U.S. market and that such goods from Thailand are benefitting from countervailable subsidies. The petition alleges the following dumping margins.
- 56 percent to 118.44 percent for Belgium
- 41.18 percent to 49.46 percent for Colombia
- 4.6 percent to 67.1 percent for Thailand
The subject products are used in the production and formulation of a wide variety of foods, beverages, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and commercial and household products (e.g., detergents and metal cleaners) as well as in textile finishing treatments and other industrial applications.
The petition covers all grades and granulation sizes of citric acid, sodium citrate, and potassium citrate in their unblended forms, whether dry or in solution, and regardless of packing type. Included are blends of citric acid, sodium citrate, and potassium citrate as well as blends with other ingredients, such as sugar, where the unblended forms of citric acid, sodium citrate, or potassium citrate constitute 40 percent or more, by weight, of the blend. Also included are all forms of crude calcium citrate, including dicalcium citrate monohydrate and tricalcium citrate tetrahydrate, which are intermediate products in the production of citric acid, sodium citrate, and potassium citrate. Subject goods are classifiable under HTSUS 2918.14.0000, 2918.15.1000, 2918.15.5000, and 3824.99.9295.
The scope does not include calcium citrate that satisfies the standards set forth in the United States Pharmacopeia and has been mixed with a functional excipient, such as dextrose or starch, where the excipient constitutes at least two percent, by weight, of the product.
The Department of Commerce and the International Trade Commission will next determine whether to launch AD and/or CV duty and injury investigations, respectively, on this product. There are strict statutory deadlines associated with these proceedings, so affected companies that wish to protect their interests should contact trade counsel as soon as possible.