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Sandler, Travis & Rosenberg Trade Report
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Importers have until Dec. 28 to request refunds of duties paid on Generalized System of Preferences-eligible goods that were entered or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption during the GSP lapse period of Aug. 1, 2013, through July 28, 2015. This deadline specifically applies to entry summaries on which the special program indicator “A” was not transmitted.
The World Trade Organization Appellate Body has upheld a dispute settlement panel ruling that revised U.S. regulations on dolphin-safe tuna labeling are still unfairly discriminating against Mexico.
The departments of Homeland Security and the Treasury recently issued their semiannual regulatory agendas, which list the following regulations affecting international trade that could be issued within the next year as well as rulemaking proceedings that have been in process for some time and are not as likely to see further progress in the near term.
The U.S. and Peru recently signed an agreement establishing a trade transparency unit that will enhance their ability to detect illicit trade schemes used by transnational criminal organizations and terrorist groups and to prevent and investigate customs offenses.
President Obama issued an executive order Nov. 23 imposing certain sanctions against four persons in Burundi determined to be responsible for or complicit in, or who have engaged in, actions or policies that threaten the peace, security or stability of Burundi, undermine democratic processes or institutions in Burundi, or have committed human rights abuses or engaged in various other actions in that country.
The Food and Drug Administration has unveiled a new web resource to share more information about its sampling programs for food safety and has posted new information on a more robust microbiological surveillance sampling approach under development. The agency has also announced that for fiscal year 2016 it will sample and test cucumbers and hot peppers under this program and will publish the test results on the web.
The Department of Treasury and the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative announced Nov. 20 their intention to begin negotiations on a “covered agreement” with the European Union. A covered agreement is an agreement between the U.S. and one or more foreign governments, authorities or regulatory entities regarding prudential measures with respect to insurance or reinsurance.
Among the trade and economic issues examined in this year’s report are the foreign investment climate in China, China’s agenda for market reform and competiveness, digital trade barriers in China, and China’s commercial cyber espionage efforts.
The Trans-Pacific Partnership is the biggest trade issue on the horizon for Congress but will not likely take center stage until well into 2016. In the meantime, lawmakers are moving to advance other legislation affecting customs, trade and transportation issues.
The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative asserts that TPP will create export opportunities for U.S.-made clothes, fabrics and yarns and help develop a regionally integrated supply chain that will promote long-term growth and investment in this sector in the U.S. The agreement also provides protections such as cooperation among customs authorities to facilitate enforcement and temporary relief from harmful import surges.
The International Trade Commission announced Nov. 17 the institution of its investigation of the likely economic impact of the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement. However, the timing associated with this investigation could slow the Obama administration’s push to submit TPP implementing legislation to Congress in early 2016 in hopes of securing approval before the presidential and congressional election campaigns heat up.
The International Trade Commission’s authority to restrict imports of articles for intellectual property infringement does not extend to digital products, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit ruled in a recent split decision. The ITC had determined in connection with a patent infringement investigation of digital models and data used in making dental appliances that digital products are articles, and that electronic cross-border transmissions constitute importation, for purposes of Section 337 IPR infringement investigations.
The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative has made available import statistics for the first nine months of 2015 that identify goods that could become ineligible for benefits under the Generalized System of Preferences. This information may be useful in deciding whether to submit a petition to waive the competitive need limitations and thus retain preferential treatment for GSP-eligible articles that might otherwise lose them.