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U.S. Temporarily Bans Imports of Poultry from Ontario Over Avian Influenza

Tuesday, April 14, 2015
Sandler, Travis & Rosenberg Trade Report

Effective April 11 and until further notice the Department of Agriculture is placing temporary prohibitions on the importation of poultry, commercial birds, other types of birds (research and performing), ratites, all avian hatching eggs, unprocessed avian products and byproducts, and certain fresh poultry products originating from or transiting through the province of Ontario, Canada, due to the diagnosis of highly pathogenic avian influenza in commercial poultry. Also as of that date the Canadian Food Inspection Agency is not certifying for export any live poultry, day-old chicks or hatching eggs, unprocessed avian products or byproducts that originated within Ontario.

According to USDA, this policy includes the following provisions.

- Unprocessed avian meat, products and byproducts originating from or transiting through Ontario are not permitted to enter the U.S. unless accompanied by an import permit issued by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service’s Veterinary Service. This requirement also applies to composted manure, hunter-harvested meat and meat in passenger baggage, whether shipped to the U.S. or accompanying returning hunters. Exceptions are unfinished trophies consigned to VS-approved establishments.

- Processed avian meat, products and byproducts originating from or transiting through Ontario and imported as cargo must be accompanied by a VS import permit and/or Canadian government (CFIA) certification.

- Processed avian meat, products and byproducts for personal use originating from or transiting through Ontario and entering in passenger baggage must also be accompanied by a VS import permit and/or CFIA certification confirming the products/byproducts were treated according to

APHIS requirements if they do not meet the following conditions: a thoroughly-cooked appearance and shelf stable as a result of APHIS-approved packaging and cooking (i.e., packaged in hermetically sealed containers and cooked by a commercial method after such packing to produce articles that are shelf stable without refrigeration).

- Canadian pet birds (including returning birds of U.S. origin) originating from Ontario can enter the U.S. from Canada through a U.S. port of entry only with a valid APHIS-issued import permit and port inspection. In addition, pet birds originating from or transiting through Ontario will also be required to have a CFIA-endorsed health certificate and undergo 30-day quarantine.

- Columbiform species (e.g., pigeons and doves) may be imported from Ontario with a valid VS-issued import permit, a U.S. port inspection by VS-designated personnel and a CFIA-endorsed health certificate. A 30-day quarantine is also required.

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