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USDA Revises Regulations on Imports of Plants for Planting

Tuesday, December 16, 2014
Sandler, Travis & Rosenberg Trade Report

The Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service has issued a final rule that, effective Jan. 15, 2015, will make the following changes to its regulations on importing plants for planting (formerly known as nursery stock).

Imports from Turkey. This rule adds Turkey to the list of countries from which the importation of restricted articles of Chrysanthemum spp., Leucanthemella serotina and Nipponanthemum nipponicum is prohibited due to the presence of chrysanthemum white rust.

Permits. Permits will be required for the importation of seed of herbaceous plants for planting that is coated, pelleted or embedded in a substrate that obscures visibility.

Inspections. The rule clarifies that all restricted articles must be presented for inspection by the importer and that the USDA inspector then determines whether to sample and inspect the articles.

Potato Cyst Nematodes. Restricted articles may be imported from countries in which potato cyst nematodes are known to occur if they are accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate with the current additional declaration or with an additional declaration that the articles have been grown within a secure environment in a production area that is free of PCN, in a soil-less growing medium, or in vitro, within a secure environment, and have not been grown in soil nor come in contact with soil.

The rule also updates the list of countries in which PCN are known to exist to include Albania, the Falkland Islands, Indonesia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Madeira, Mallorca, Romania, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka and Turkey, as well as all areas of Canada that are regulated by the national plant protection organization of Canada for PCN.

Import Conditions. This rule contains conditions for the importation of Chaenomeles spp. (flowering quince) and Cydonia spp. (quince) restricted articles (except seeds) from Canada; Malus spp. (apple, crabapple) restricted articles (except seeds) from Belgium, Canada, France, Germany or the Netherlands; Prunus spp. (almond, apricot, cherry, cherry laurel, English laurel, nectarine, peach, plum, prune) restricted articles (except seeds) not susceptible to plum pox potyvirus from Canada or the Netherlands; Pyrus spp. (pear) restricted articles (except seeds) from Canada; and Vitis spp. (grape) restricted articles (except seeds) from Canada.

Carnations. The importation of Dianthus spp. (carnations) from the Netherlands is allowed under the same conditions provided for Great Britain.

Invoices and Packing Lists. An invoice or packing list must indicate the scientific names of the restricted articles, at least to the level of genus, and the quantity of plants for planting in the shipment. When the regulations place restrictions on individual species or cultivars within a genus, the invoice or packing list must identify the species or cultivar of the articles.

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