Litchi and Longan Fruit from Vietnam Allowed Into Continental U.S.
The Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service has issued a final rule that, effective Oct. 6, will allow imports of litchi and longan fruit from Vietnam into the continental United States. As a condition of entry, such fruit will be subject to a systems approach that includes the following requirements.
- Litchi fruit must be grown in orchards registered with and monitored by the national plant protection organization of Vietnam to ensure that the fruit is free of disease caused by Phytophthora litchii.
- Litchi and longan fruit must be treated with irradiation for plant pests of the class Insecta, except pupae and adults of the order Lepidoptera.
- In addition to meeting the labeling requirements in 7 CFR part 305, cartons containing litchi or longan must be stamped “Not for importation into or distribution in FL.”
- Litchi and longan fruit may be imported in commercial consignments only.
- Each consignment of litchi fruit must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the NPPO of Vietnam attesting that these conditions have been met and that the consignment was inspected in Vietnam and found free of Phytophthora litchii.
- Each consignment of longan fruit must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the NPPO of Vietnam attesting that these conditions have been met.
APHIS notes that the annual quantities of litchi and longan that Vietnam expects to export to the U.S. (600 metric tons and 1,200 metric tons, respectively) would be equivalent to about 17 percent and 69 percent, respectively, of average annual U.S. imports for these two fruits from 2007 to 2010.