Controlled Import Permits to be Sole Authorization for Otherwise Prohibited Plant Imports
The Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service has issued a final rule that, effective June 3, will establish the controlled import permit as the single type of authorization for the importation of otherwise prohibited or restricted plant material for experimental, therapeutic or developmental purposes. The CIP will replace the departmental permits and other types of authorizations that APHIS has used to allow imports of otherwise prohibited articles or articles under different conditions than in the current regulations. The CIP will also be used as a form of permit required for the importation of plant materials for post-entry quarantine.
CIP Shipping Conditions
- Plant material offered for importation under a CIP must be selected from apparently disease-free and pest-free sources.
- The plant material must be free of soil, other foreign matter or debris, other prohibited plants, noxious weed seeds, and living organisms such as parasitic plants, pathogens, insects, snails and mites.
- Fungicides, insecticides and other treatments such as coatings, dips, or sprayings must not be applied before shipment unless otherwise specified. Plant materials may be refused entry if they are difficult or hazardous to inspect because of the presence of such treatments. Plant materials also must not be wrapped or otherwise packaged in a manner that impedes or prevents adequate inspection or treatment.
- The plant material must be moved in an enclosed container or one completely enclosed by a covering adequate to prevent the possible escape or introduction of plant pests during shipment.
- Consignments may be shipped as cargo, by mail or air freight, or hand-carried, as specified in the conditions of the CIP.
- The plant material must be offered for importation at the port of entry or plant inspection station as specified in the conditions of the CIP.
- A copy of the CIP must accompany each consignment and all consignments must be labeled in accordance with instructions in the CIP.
- Each consignment must be accompanied by an invoice or packing list indicating its contents.
CIP Post-Importation Conditions
- At the approved facility where plant material imported under a CIP will be maintained following importation, the material must be identified and labeled as quarantined material to be used only in accordance with a valid CIP.
- Plant material must be stored in a secure place or in the manner indicated in the CIP and be under the supervision and control of the permit holder.
- The permit holder must keep the permit valid for the duration of the authorized experimental, therapeutic or developmental purpose.
- Plant material imported under a CIP must not be moved or distributed to another person without prior written permission from the PPQ Permit Unit.
- Should the permit holder leave the institution in which plant material imported under a CIP is kept or be otherwise unavailable to maintain that material, the plant material must be destroyed unless, prior to the departure of the original permit holder, another person assumes responsibility for the continued maintenance of the plant material and such person obtains a new CIP.
- CIPs are valid for one year. The permittee may request that the existing CIP be renewed for up to an additional two years prior to the expiration of the CIP and if no adverse indications exist from the previous year.