Export Controls Aligned for Liechtenstein, Switzerland
The Bureau of Industry and Security has issued a final rule that, effective Nov. 14, will align license requirements and licensing policy under the Export Administration Regulations for Liechtenstein with those for Switzerland.
BIS explains that by virtue of a bilateral customs union treaty Liechtenstein has adopted the export controls implemented under Swiss law, including controls equivalent to those prescribed under multilateral regimes, and has authorized Switzerland to administer and enforce export controls within Liechtenstein’s territory. As a result of this arrangement, Liechtenstein and Switzerland serve as one territory for customs and export purposes. Having recently been made aware of the full scope of this arrangement and its consequences on export controls, BIS has determined that it is appropriate to codify the treatment of Liechtenstein and Switzerland as one territory for purposes of the EAR.